On December 13, 1799, the Kentucky General Assembly enacted a bill establishing Floyd County and separating it from Fleming, Montgomery and Mason counties. Floyd County was the fortieth county to enter the Commonwealth of Kentucky and was named in honor of Colonel John Floyd (1750-1783), a surveyor and famous pioneer explorer. During the Civil War, two battles took place: The Battle of Ivy Mountain on November 8, 1861, and the Battle of Middle Creek on January 10, 1862.
Located in the coal, oil and natural gas fields of Eastern Kentucky, Floyd County is part of the Cumberland Plateau of the Appalachian Mountain range and consists of 393 square miles. Drained by the Louisa Fork of the Big Sandy River, it has elevation ranges of 641 feet above sea level to over 2000 feet on higher peaks. There are five incorporated towns in Floyd County: Prestonsburg (county seat), Allen, Martin, Wayland, and Wheelwright. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 39,451 people residing in the county.
Education is important in Floyd County, elementary and secondary education is provided by the Floyd County public school system. We also have higher education options to offer: Big Sandy Community and Technical College, which is a member of the Kentucky Community and Technical College System, offering two-year degrees with transfer options to all major colleges and universities in the Commonwealth of Kentucky, and a campus of Morehead State University offering several bachelor degree options for students. Our public library's in Prestonsburg and at Eastern benefit all citizens.
Floyd County is proud of its many talented musicians and artists. If you enjoy live entertainment, you must see a show at the Mountain Arts Center. Outdoor enthusiasts will enjoy The Middle Creek National Battlefield, Dewey Lake & Jenny Wiley State Resort Park as well as many other recreational opportunities that our local parks offer. If you like golf, you can spend time on the greens at Beaver Valley Golf Course or take your golf swing to the professional level by visiting StoneCrest Golf Course.
Coal, once a major resource for settlers, continues to decrease in the 21st century. Leaders now view Floyd County on a new economic plane taking into consideration the diverse land potential and the increase in tourists. Floyd County has an abundance of opportunities for business, recreation, education, entertainment, and is open to new economic development. Our infrastructure is expanding to generate new possibilities for our people. The county's location is prime for new business opportunities as we are connected to 3 major highways: US 23, RT 80, and 114/Mountain Parkway.